Winston's discussions with O'Brien dwell on the nature of the past and reality, and reveal much about the Party's approach to those concepts.
The Party, O'Brien explains with a lunatic intensity, seeks absolute power, for power's own sake. This is why it will always be successful, is always right, and will ultimately control the entire world. Winston cannot argue; every time he does, he is faced with obstinate logical fallacies, a completely different system of reasoning that runs counter to all reason. Winston believes in a past that never existed, and is hounded by false memories. To be cured, Winston must overcome his own insanity and win the war against his own mind.
Little by little, O'Brien shows Winston, with the use of electric shock machines, beatings and starvation, the way of the Party. He forces Winston to accept that if the Party says so, two plus two equals five. Winston had once written in his diary that freedom meant being able to say that two plus two is four. Winston is beyond horrified to see that he has turned into a sickly, disgusting sack of bones, beaten into a new face.
Broken to the core, Winston finally submits to his re-education. He is no longer beaten, is fed at regular intervals, is allowed to sleep though the lights, of course, never go out , and begins to regain his health. Although seemingly making progress in accepting the reality of the Party, Winston is still holding onto the last remaining kernel of himself and his humanity: his love for Julia. This comes out when, in the midst of a dream, Winston cries aloud, "Julia!
Julia, my love! O'Brien's last efforts with Winston are focused on forcing him to betray Julia. He takes Winston to Room , containing the worst thing in the world, which is different for everyone. For Winston, "the worst thing in the world" is a rat. Winston feels a desperate, deep, panicked fear. He cannot take it, and finally screams for O'Brien to put someone else in his place - anyone, even Julia. O'Brien has succeeded.
Winston, a damaged, changed, empty shell of a man, is released into the world. In his new life, he sees Julia once, by chance, but they are no longer in love. Each betrayed the other, and prison changed them powerfully. There is no hope for their relationship. Winston obtains a somewhat trivial, meaningless job that pays surprisingly well.
His life is buried in gin. In the final pages of the novel, we find Winston in his regular seat at the cafe, drinking gin, playing chess, and waiting for a report from the front in Central Africa, where Eurasia Oceania was always at war with Eurasia has invaded.
He is excited about the report, because with this invasion, Eurasia might actually be able to break Oceania's line of defense and put the entire nation at risk for takeover. A Eurasian success in Central Africa might mean the end of the Party. Before the report comes, Winston suddenly recalls a very happy day in his childhood spent playing board games with his mother and little sister. He pushes it out of his mind, realizing it is a false memory and resolving to allow fewer of those to creep up on him.
Eventually, the report reveals that Oceania has succeeded in repelling the Eurasian advance. There is jubilation on the telescreen and in the streets. On the laptop AI software used a camera, GPS, microphone, and clock attached to the car to record information, process it, and translate it into a novel based on its own terms. Which it did. Source: The Atlantic. Posters bearing his image adorned billboards in cities, and acted as warnings to potential rule-breakers.
In North Korean leader Kim Jong-Un launched a new set of propaganda posters with images of him spurring his people to work hard and make him proud. In , Orwell wrote: "The party told you to reject the evidence of your eyes and ears. It was their final, most essential command. Winston later finds out Big Brother is just a fictional figure invented by the party to muster loyalty.
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February Learn how and when to remove this template message. British Board of Film Classification. Retrieved 6 August The New York Times. Retrieved 5 August British Film Institute. Retrieved 3 June Turner Classic Movies. Den of Geek. BBC News. He was to have been in The Shooting Party in , but broke a leg and a couple of ribs in an accident on the first day of filming Archived from the original on 30 August Retrieved 9 May Daily Variety.
Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 4 November Moreover, both regimes consistently demonized their enemies, just as the Party and Big Brother do in , through the Two Minutes Hate, Hate Week, and daily mass propaganda. Other parallels include the Thought Police as a reinvention of the Gestapo, NKVD People's Comissariat for Internal Affairs , which orchestrated large scale purges and terror, and the Spies and Youth League as a reinvention of the Hitler Youth and the Little Octoberists, which indoctrinated young people to the Party and encouraged them to report disloyalty observed in their elders, even among family members.
The similarities between 's Oceania and Stalin's regime are particularly striking. Like Stalin, the Oceanian government embraces characteristics of both fascist and communist authoritarianism: the former glorifies the wisdom of the leader, and the latter, the infallibility of the Party.
We can see both trends in , where Big Brother albeit apparently a fictitious entity is worshipped as a wise and loving leader, and the Party is practically structured around its own supposed infallibility. In addition, many of the particulars of the Oceanian system, such as the Three-Year Plans and the forced labor camps, appear to be thinly veiled allusions to aspects of Stalin's rule.
It is even often suggested that Oceania's Big Brother, with his dark hair and heavy mustache, is inspired by the larger-than-life images of Josef Stalin's visage so commonly seen in the Soviet Union. Orwell's time working with the Indian Imperial Police in Burma introduced him to the shameful activities of the British in the Far East, and appears to have encouraged his exploration of the lives of the urban poor. He was never compliant, and forensically unearthed for our gaze the worst of himself.
His aloof integrity is unique. But is also handbook for difficult times. Knowledge is a kind of strength and we are all being tested. A poll of writers and critics, stories that shaped the world, will be announced in May. Share using Email. Bookmark this article. By Jean Seaton 7th MayIn "," the Versificator is a tool which automatically produces music and literature in line with ruling party standards, without human input. Essentially it's content created by artificial intelligence. Orwell described the music made by the versificator in "" as follows: "The tune had been haunting London for .